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United States Steel Corporation (NYSE: X) reported first quarter 2023 net earnings of $199 million, or $0.78 per diluted share. Adjusted net earnings was $195 million, or $0.77 per diluted share and excludes stock-based compensation expense of $8 million, net of taxes, or $0.03 per diluted share that had previously been reported in the North American Flat-Rolled segment and other one-time items detailed in the reconciliation of adjusted net earnings table. The exclusion of stock-based compensation expense was not contemplated at the time of our March 16, 2023 guidance press release. This compares to first quarter 2022 net earnings of $882 million, or $3.02 per diluted share. Adjusted net earnings for the first quarter 2022 was $910 million, or $3.11 per diluted share and excluded the impact of one-time items detailed in the reconciliation of adjusted net earnings table.
Commenting on the first quarter's performance, U. S. Steel President and Chief Executive Officer David B. Burritt said, “We delivered another strong quarter. Each of our operating segments exceeded expectations. We generated positive investable free cash flow of $25 million before supporting $582 million of high return strategic capital expenditures and continued direct returns in the quarter.”
Burritt continued, “Our focus on being the best partner for our customers through best operations has amplified the benefits of an improved market and more market share gains that we expect to continue through 2023. This momentum is expected to deliver even stronger second quarter results from higher steel prices."
Burritt concluded, “In spite of inflationary pressures, we are pleased to report our strategic projects are on-track to meet or improve upon key milestones each quarter and deliver returns well above our weighted average cost of capital. We’ve begun cold commissioning critical components of our new non-grain oriented electrical steel line at Big River Steel to produce the first coil as planned later this summer. Big River 2, our new mini mill with even more capabilities, and our new galvanize/GALVALUME® line, remain on-track for 2024. Together, with our current Big River Steel footprint, we are creating the next generation of sustainable mini mill steelmaking in the U.S. and transforming our business model to generate more consistent cash flow to continue capability building and higher returns for our investors.”
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)
Segment earnings (loss) before interest and income taxes
U. S. Steel Europe
Total segment earnings before interest and income taxes
Other items not allocated to segments
Earnings before interest and income taxes
Net interest and other financial benefits
Income tax expense
Earnings per diluted share
Adjusted net earnings (a)
Adjusted net earnings per diluted share (a)
Adjusted earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) (b)
(a) Please refer to the non-GAAP Financial Measures section of this document for the reconciliation of these amounts. The prior year was retroactively adjusted to reflect the reclassification of stock-based compensation expense.
The Company will conduct a conference call on the first quarter earnings on Friday, April 28, 2023, at 8:30 a.m. Eastern. To listen to the webcast of the conference call and to access the Company's slide presentation, visit the U. S. Steel website, www.ussteel.com, and click on the “Investors” section. Replay will be available on the website after 10:30 a.m. on April 28, 2023.
UNITED STATES STEEL CORPORATION
PRELIMINARY SUPPLEMENTAL STATISTICS (Unaudited)
Average realized price: ($/net ton unless otherwise noted) (a)
U. S. Steel Europe (€/net ton)
Steel shipments (thousands of net tons): (a)
Total steel shipments
Intersegment steel (unless otherwise noted) shipments (thousands of net tons):
Mini Mill to Flat-Rolled
Flat-Rolled to Mini Mill (pig iron)
Raw steel production (thousands of net tons):
Raw steel capability utilization: (b)
CAPITAL EXPENDITURES (dollars in millions)
(a) Excludes intersegment shipments.
(b) Based on annual raw steel production capability of 13.2 million net tons for Flat-Rolled, 3.3 million for Mini Mill, 5.0 million net tons for U. S. Steel Europe and 0.9 million for Tubular.
CONDENSED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)
Operating expenses (income):
Cost of sales
Selling, general and administrative expenses
Depreciation, depletion and amortization
Loss (earnings) from investees
Asset impairment charges
Restructuring and other charges
Net gains on sale of assets
Other gains, net
Total operating expenses
Earnings before income taxes
Less: Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests
Net earnings attributable to United States Steel Corporation
COMMON STOCK DATA:
Net earnings per share attributable to United States Steel Corporation Stockholders
Weighted average shares, in thousands
Dividends paid per common share
CONDENSED CASH FLOW STATEMENT (Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions)
Increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
Pensions and other postretirement benefits
Deferred income taxes
Working capital changes
Income taxes receivable/payable
Other operating activities
Net cash provided by operating activities
Proceeds from sale of assets
Other investing activities
Net cash used in investing activities
Issuance of long-term debt, net of financing costs
Repayment of long-term debt
Common stock repurchased
Proceeds from government incentives
Other financing activities
Net cash used in financing activities
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of year
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period
CONDENSED BALANCE SHEET (Unaudited)
Cash and cash equivalents
Other current assets
Total current assets
Operating lease assets
Property, plant and equipment, net
Investments and long-term receivables, net
Other noncurrent assets
Accounts payable and other accrued liabilities
Payroll and benefits payable
Short-term debt and current maturities of long-term debt
Other current liabilities
Total current liabilities
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities
Long-term debt, less unamortized discount and debt issuance costs
Deferred income tax liabilities
Other long-term liabilities
United States Steel Corporation stockholders' equity
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED NET EARNINGS
(In millions of dollars)
Net earnings and diluted net earnings per share attributable to United States Steel Corporation, as reported
Stock-based compensation expense (a)
VEBA asset surplus adjustment
Other charges, net
Adjusted pre-tax net earnings to United States Steel Corporation
Tax impact of adjusted items (b)
Adjusted net earnings and diluted net earnings per share attributable to United States Steel Corporation
Weight average diluted ordinary shares outstanding, in millions
(a) The prior year was retroactively adjusted to reflect the reclassification of stock-based compensation expense. The adjustment was $8 million and $12 million, net of taxes, for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively.
(b) The tax impact of adjusted items for the three months ended March 31, 2023 is calculated using a blended tax rate of 24%. The tax impact of adjusted items for the three months ended March 31, 2022 is calculated using a blended tax rate of 25%.
Note: The reported net earnings attributable to U. S. Steel for the three months ended March 31, 2022 includes an income tax benefit of $7 million from the reversal of net valuation allowances. The item was presented as an adjustment to arrive at adjusted net earnings attributable to U. S. Steel in the prior period presentation. The reconciliation for the three months ended March 31, 2022 presented above has been recast to reflect the removal of the adjustment in accordance with Securities and Exchange Commission guidance.
RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED EBITDA
Reconciliation to Adjusted EBITDA
Net earnings attributable to United States Steel Corporation
Depreciation, depletion and amortization expense
(a) The prior year was retroactively adjusted to reflect the reclassification of stock-based compensation expense.
RECONCILIATION OF PAST TWELVE MONTHS OF FREE AND INVESTABLE CASH FLOW
Total of the
Free cash flow
Strategic capital expenditures
Investable free cash flow
We present adjusted net earnings, adjusted net earnings per diluted share, earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) and adjusted EBITDA, which are non-GAAP measures, as additional measurements to enhance the understanding of our operating performance. We believe that EBITDA, considered along with net earnings, is a relevant indicator of trends relating to our operating performance and provides management and investors with additional information for comparison of our operating results to the operating results of other companies.
Adjusted net earnings and adjusted net earnings per diluted share are non-GAAP measures that exclude the effects of items that include: restructuring and other charges, stock-based compensation expense, VEBA asset surplus adjustment, tax impact of adjusted items and other charges, net (Adjustment Items). Adjusted EBITDA is also a non-GAAP measure that excludes the effects of certain Adjustment Items. We present adjusted net earnings, adjusted net earnings per diluted share and adjusted EBITDA to enhance the understanding of our ongoing operating performance and established trends affecting our core operations by excluding the effects of events that can obscure underlying trends. U. S. Steel's management considers adjusted net earnings, adjusted net earnings per diluted share and adjusted EBITDA as alternative measures of operating performance and not alternative measures of the Company's liquidity. U. S. Steel’s management considers adjusted net earnings, adjusted net earnings per diluted share and adjusted EBITDA useful to investors by facilitating a comparison of our operating performance to the operating performance of our competitors. Additionally, the presentation of adjusted net earnings, adjusted net earnings per diluted share and adjusted EBITDA provides insight into management’s view and assessment of the Company’s ongoing operating performance because management does not consider the Adjustment Items when evaluating the Company’s financial performance. Adjusted net earnings, adjusted net earnings per diluted share and adjusted EBITDA should not be considered a substitute for net earnings, earnings per diluted share or other financial measures as computed in accordance with U.S. GAAP and is not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies.
We also present free cash flow, a non-GAAP measure of cash generated from operations after any investing activity and investable free cash flow, a non-GAAP measure of cash generated from operations, after any investing activity adjusted for strategic capital expenditures. We believe that free and investable cash flow provides further insight into the Company's overall utilization of cash. A condensed consolidated statement of operations (unaudited), condensed consolidated cash flow statement (unaudited), condensed consolidated balance sheet (unaudited) and preliminary supplemental statistics (unaudited) for U. S. Steel are attached.
CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This release contains information that may constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. We intend the forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provisions for forward-looking statements in those sections. Generally, we have identified such forward-looking statements by using the words “believe,” “expect,” “intend,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” “project,” “target,” “forecast,” “aim,” “should,” “plan,” “goal,” “future,” “will,” “may,” and similar expressions or by using future dates in connection with any discussion of, among other things, the construction or operation of new or existing facilities or operating capabilities, the timing, size and form of share repurchase transactions, operating or financial performance, trends, events or developments that we expect or anticipate will occur in the future, statements relating to volume changes, share of sales and earnings per share changes, anticipated cost savings, potential capital and operational cash improvements, changes in the global economic environment, including supply and demand conditions, inflation, interest rates, supply chain disruptions and changes in prices for our products, international trade duties and other aspects of international trade policy, statements regarding our future strategies, products and innovations, statements regarding our greenhouse gas emissions reduction goals, statements regarding existing or new regulations and statements expressing general views about future operating results. However, the absence of these words or similar expressions does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking. Forward-looking statements are not historical facts, but instead represent only the Company’s beliefs regarding future events, many of which, by their nature, are inherently uncertain and outside of the Company’s control. It is possible that the Company’s actual results and financial condition may differ, possibly materially, from the anticipated results and financial condition indicated in these forward-looking statements. Management believes that these forward-looking statements are reasonable as of the time made. However, caution should be taken not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements because such statements speak only as of the date when made. Our Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. In addition, forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from our Company's historical experience and our present expectations or projections. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, the risks and uncertainties described in “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 and those described from time to time in our future reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
References to “U. S. Steel,” “the Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to United States Steel Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries, and references to “Big River Steel” refer to Big River Steel Holdings LLC and its direct and indirect subsidiaries unless otherwise indicated by the context.
Founded in 1901, United States Steel Corporation is a leading steel producer. With an unwavering focus on safety, the Company’s customer-centric Best for All® strategy is advancing a more secure, sustainable future for U. S. Steel and its stakeholders. With a renewed emphasis on innovation, U. S. Steel serves the automotive, construction, appliance, energy, containers, and packaging industries with high value-added steel products such as U. S. Steel’s proprietary XG3® advanced high-strength steel. The Company also maintains competitively advantaged iron ore production and has an annual raw steelmaking capability of 22.4 million net tons. U. S. Steel is headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, with world-class operations across the United States and in Central Europe. For more information, please visit www.ussteel.com.
T - (412) 433-3994
E - AEjoyner@uss.com
T - (412) 433-6935
E - KLewis@uss.com